Patient Education Videos for Hip Replacement Surgery
The hip joint is one of the largest joints in the body. It acts like a ball and socket joint: the rounded end of one bone fits into the cup-like end of another bone. Normally, the surface of the bones in the joint are covered by a special type of tissue called cartilage that helps cushion and protect the bones. This allows them to move easily within the joint. If the bones or cartilage in the hip joint are damaged, it can lead to pain and decreased mobility.
The most common cause of damage to the hip joint is osteoarthritis, which is also called wear and tear arthritis. Other less common causes of joint damage include injury, inflammation and infection. Inflammation in the hip joint related to conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, or certain types of infection can also result in serious cartilage damage.
A hip replacement may also be called a hip arthroplasty. During a hip replacement, the surgeon replaces the damaged parts of the hip bones with artificial parts, also called implants, components or prosthesis. The goal is to relieve symptoms and provide smooth, comfortable movement at the hip joint.